International Relations Syllabus for BA / BSc level sargodha university


International Relations as

Elective / Optional Subjects at B.A./B.Sc. Level

For Full Syllabus / Course Outline Click Here

 (w.e.f. 2005-2007 session)

International Relations shall be offered as an elective subject of 200 marks in BA/BSc examinations. It shall be comprised of two papers each of 100 marks. Following are the out-lines/contents of this course along with the core and the suggested books:

 PAPER A:         INTRODUCTION TO International Relations


 The Nature and Evolution of International Relations.

  1. The Nature and Development of Modern State-System.
  2. Sovereignty and National Interest.
  3. Colonialism, Imperialism, Neo-Colonialism and Nationalism.
  4. National Power. Elements of National Power.
  5. Balance of Power and Deterrence.
  6. Foreign Policy: Determinants and Objectives.
  7. Diplomacy.
  8. International Law and Morality.
  9. Economic Aspects of International Relations
  10. The Concept of War and Peace in International Relations.
  11. New Trends in International Relations.
  12. Ideologies and ideological movements in the 20th century (Nationalism Totalitarianism, Fascism, Nazism, Communism & Socialism)

Required text.

 Columbus, Theodore,  Introduction to International  Relations: Power, New Delhi: Prentice-Hall, 1992.

  1. Kegley, Charles, W. Jr., & Wittkopf, Engene R., World Politics: Trend & Transformation. (4th ed.) New York:                        St. Martin’s Press, 1993.
  2. Papp, Danial , Contemporary International Relations. (3rd ed.), New York: Macmillan, 1990.

 Further Suggested Readings:

 Aaron , Raymond, Peace and War:  Theory of International Relations, Melbourne: :Kreiger Pub. 1981.

  1. Bull, H., & Watson, A., The Expansion of International Society. London; Oxford University Press, 1986.
  2. Caplin, William D., Introduction to International Politics. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1980.
  3. Deutsh, K. W., The Analysis of Internaional Relations. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1978.
  4. Frankal, Joseph, International Relations in a Changing World. (4th ed.), New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.
  5. Goldstine, Josha S., International Relations, Washington D.C., Harper Collins, 1992.
  6. Hartman, Fredric, The Relations of Nations.  (6th ed.), New York: Macmillan, 1983.
  7. Hass, Ernest B., & Witing , Allen S., Dynamics of International Relations.  New York: McGraw-Hill, 1956.
  8. Holsti, K.J.,  International Politics: A Framework for Analysis. (7th ed.), Englewood Cliffs, :: Prentice-Hall, 1995.
  9. Palmer, Norman D, & U International Relations.  Parkins, Howard C., New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1994.
  10. Morgenthau, Hans J.,  Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace  (7th ed.), : New York Knopf, 1985.
  11. Rosenau, Steven, J., The Logic of International Relations. (3rd ed.), Cambridge: Winthrop, 1980.
  12. Reynolds, P. A., An Introduction to International Relations. (2nd ed.), London: Longman, 1980.
  13. Schuman, Frederick, International Politics. New York: Mc Graw-Hill, 1969.
  14. Wright, Quincy, The Study of International Relations.  New York: Irvington Pub. 1986.
  15. Zeigler, David, War, Peace and International Politics. (6th ed.), Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1993.

 B.A. (Paper B)

          Diplomatic History of International Relations (1815-1945)


 1.     Congress of Vienna, 1815.

2.     Second French War.

3.     Franco-Prussian Wars.

4.     Austro-Prussian War.

5.     Unification of Italy.

6.     Unification of Germany.

7.     Emergence of Balance of Power in Europe.

8.     The Age of Secret Diplomacy.

9.     Russo-Japanese War, 1904.

10    First World War, Causes and Consequences.

11.   Treaty of Versailles and the Emergence of League of Nations.

12.   Economic Depression of 1930’s.

13.    Advent of Mussolini and Hitler and Their Impacts on World Politics.

14.   New Game of Balance of Power.

15.   Beginning of Second World War and its outcome.

16.    The United Nations: Nature, Functions and the Future Prospects.

 Required text.

Anderson, M.S., The Ascendancy of Europe. 1815-1914. London: Longman, 1972.

  1. Carrie, R. Albrecht, A Diplomatic History of Europe: Since the Congress of Vienna. London, Methuen, 1955.
  2. Thompson, D., Europe Since Napoleon. (2nd revised ed.) New York: Knopf 1962.


 Taylor, A.J.P., The Struggle for Mastery in Europe,     1848-1914. Oxford: Claredon Press, 1954.

  1. Grant, A. J. & Europe in the Nineteen and Twentieth Centuries, 1786-1950.  Temperely, H., London: Longman, 1961.
  2. Leeds, C.A., European History, 1789-1914. (2nd ed.) , Plymouth Macdonald, 1979.
  3. Ross, Graham, The Great Powers and Decline of the State System 1914-1940. London: Croom Helm, 1983.
  4. Langer, W.L., European Alliances and Alignments. 1871-1914 New York: Prince-Hall, 1950.
  5. Little Field, Henry W.,  History of Europe Since 1815.New York: Praeger, 1963.

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